Tools for Science Students
Using and Evaluating Internet Sources
As a rule of thumb any information source that you intend to use in your research should be carefully evaluated. This is especially important for Internet resources because there is no reviewing authority for what is put on the web. Typical criteria are:
Accuracy: Can you find two sources to verify the same information?
Authority: Do you know the credentials of the author?
Objectivity: Are facts presented objectively or is the author on a "soapbox"?
Currency: When was the information created or last updated?
Coverage: Is the information extensive or superficial
Writing Science Papers
As a student and throughout your career in science you will be required to write many papers and reports. Having a basic understanding of how to write a scientific journal article will serve as a good foundation.
You should be able to answer some basic questions even before you being to write your paper. These will help you to organize your thoughts and plan your writing strategy.
What is the function or purpose of the paper?
How does this work different from what is already published? Where is the most appropriate place to publish? Who is the audience?
How does this work different from what is already published?
Where is the most appropriate place to publish?
Who is the audience?
Journal articles tend to follow a standard format. Not every paper will have all of these elements, and not every journal will require all of these sections, but it is useful to understand the parts of a journal article.
Title Authors and Affiliation Abstract Introduction Materials and Methods Results/Discussion Conclusions Acknowledgments References
Authors and Affiliation
Materials and Methods